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华南农业大学:科技卷笔刀欢呼春耕

edmin 2020-03-01 黄麻床垫批发新闻 32 ℃ 0 评论
受气候等因素影响,广州市增城区林东果园的龙眼荔枝花有一半有叶。荔枝疏花疏枝具有很强的时间敏感性,如果不及时处理,会影响荔枝的开花坐果,降低荔枝的产量。果农以前从未处理过这样的问题,他们既无助又担心。 2月25日,国家荔枝龙眼产业技术体系首席科学家、华南农业大学园艺学院研究员陈率队及时送雨。“如果花的比例达不到大枝的80%至90%,就必须除去花穗上的营养枝和小叶。陈在水果产业园现场为荔枝树把脉,向果农示范疏花、保花、科学施肥等技术要领。和传授开花生长控制技术。 新皇冠肺炎疫情来袭,农事不留。如何把握农时,保持春耕,促进生产?现实命题,华南农业大学首先回应。学校选派了农村科技委员和其他农业技术人员走进农业园区和农田,帮助农民解决农业春耕的技术问题,充分保障广东农产品的可持续供应。学校还实施了“互联网加农村科技助理专员”的工作机制,以“不开会,不联系”的形式,组织小组在网上为广大农民免费答疑,及时解决农民生产中的困难和障碍点。 这只是华南农业大学结合“抗击疫情”为春季农业生产增添智慧和力量的一个缩影。在疫情防控期间,学校充分发挥科研和智力优势,采取多管齐下的方式,在春耕农业技术指导、农业防疫机械研发、农村电子商务和防疫科普等领域开展全面出击,引导农村防疫繁殖和春耕防控科学发展。 春节前夕,疫情蔓延,广东台山鳗鱼产业园对接企业的相关领导担心部分工人无法在年后按时返工,因此他们想使用鳗鱼粉筛选自动化设备进行应急响应。农业企业有需求,华南农业大学有行动。学校的农村科技委员闫国旗放弃了春节假期,立即开始根据鳗鱼粉饲料的物理特性设计自动分拣设备。2月11日,设备运到企业后立即投入使用,帮助企业解决了有序恢复生产的大问题。 “过去需要三四个工人来分拣鳗鱼饲料,但现在有了自动分拣设备,只需要一个工人。”泰山鳗鱼工业园对接企业相关负责人对自动分拣设备赞不绝口。这套设备还帮助企业大大降低了疫情期间交叉感染的风险,同时也阻断了病毒通过粉末的传播途径。 农业企业在抗击疫情、保障生产的同时,也提出了新的设备要求。如农场等农业企业需要经常进行消毒工作,而操作人员在手工消毒过程中有感染的危险。作为华南农业大学机械工程系党总支的一员,邹·带领团队,主动提出要解决关键的科技问题。他们已经开发出了智能消毒机器人,具有轻而长的手臂。该机器人通过智能识别技术,在网络和导航的实时监控下,可以进行全方位的无死角自动消毒。 疫情下的农业生产仍然需要一些巧妙的花招。华南农业大学动员专家学者进行深入研究,提出建议,为农业提供决策建议ture to win the epidemic prevention and control war. From February 3 to 5, Luo Xiwen, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and professor of South China Agricultural University, investigated the impact of the epidemic on spring ploughing production through WeChat, QQ and telephone, and submitted the research report to the Chinese Academy of Engineering.Luo Xiwen suggested that the provincial agricultural departments should adjust the planting structure according to local production conditions and epidemic situation. For example, in double-cropping rice areas, rice varieties with short growth period can be changed to crops with less manual labor and machinery. South China Agricultural University has also done a good job in the compilation and popularization of scientific and technological manuals for anti-epidemic reproduction, providing technical support for spring cultivation.The school has selected a group of experienced national and provincial experts in modern agricultural industry technology system, involving rice, sweet corn, soybean, leafy vegetables, litchi, longan and other Guangdong characteristic industries. According to the unified arrangement of the Guangdong Provincial Association for Science and Technology and other departments, the school recorded a popular science propaganda video to guide the spring ploughing and replanting during the epidemic in Guangdong Province. How to do a good job in the prevention and control of African swine fever under the epidemic situation?Wu Zhenfang, Liu Dewu and other teams of rural science and technology commissioners shoulder heavy responsibilities. Together with experts in the industrial technology system, they actively fought against the epidemic and drafted the "Technical Guidelines for Pig Production for Prevention and Control of Double Outbreak of Classical Swine Fever in novel coronavirus and Africa".South China Agricultural University has guided experts to go deep into the front line of livestock and poultry production, guiding farmers to adopt scientific prevention and control measures and technologies, and to implement policies with precision, in an effort to ensure the safe production of livestock and poultry, stabilize market supply, and provide material guarantee for winning the epidemic prevention and control war.(China Education News-China Education News Network reporter Liu Dun Correspondent Li Jianyuan Guo Zhuochen)

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